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پروژه رفتار کاربران در کتابخانه‌های شهری نروژ (۲۰۰۸)

کتابخانه‌ها، هر جا که مردم هستند

 از کتابخانه‌های جدید چه می‌خواهیم؟ کتابخانه‌ها در جامعه دانش‌محور امروز چه نیازهایی را برطرف می‌کنند؟ کتابخانه‌ها چگونه می‌توانند به کاربرانی که عادت‌هایشان در حال تغییر است خدمات رضایت‌بخش ارائه کنند و در همان حال بلندپروازانه به دنبال تحقق دسترسی به تمام بخش‌های مردم باشند؟

در سال‌های اخیر در کشورهای شمال اروپا اغلب درباره نقش اجتماعی کتابخانه و تقاضاهای احتمالی جامعه جدید دانش‌محور که اکنون در حال رشد و توسعه است بحث شده است. نظام کتابخانه با چالش محیط اطلاعاتی و رسانه‌های جدید مواجه است. در عین حال باید تغییرات عمیق در فرایندهای یادگیری را هم در مدارس و آموزش عالی، و هم در کسب‌وکار و صنعت هضم کنیم. این تحولات فرصتی برای تجدید ساختار نظام کتابخانه عمومی است.

کتابخانه‌ها فشار قابل‌توجهی را برای تغییر از دنیای بیرون تجربه می‌کنند و در حال حاضر آمادگی خود را برای تفکر جدید نشان می‌دهند. پروژه‌های بزرگ و کوچک دیجیتال و تمایل به ارایه خدمات مرجع دیجیتال ـ به جای خدمات سنتی ـ نشان‌دهنده این آمادگی است. برای دستیابی به ارتباط نزدیک با کاربران کتابخانه‌ها گام‌هایی مانند گسترش خدمات مبتنی بر اینترنت و جستجوی اطلاعات و فراهم آوردن خدمات کتابخانه‌ای برای همه ساکنان در جامعه محلی برداشته شده است. فعالیت‌های کتابخانه همواره بر مبنای همکاری میان شبکه‌ای از عوامل داخل کتابخانه و خارج از آن بوده‌اند.

 

رفتار کاربر در کتابخانه

بدون در نظر گرفتن آنچه که در حال حاضر برای کاربران کتابخانه (چه در داخل کتابخانه و چه خارج از آن) اتفاق می‌افتد، نمی‌توان گفت کتابخانه‌های آینده چه می‌توانند و چه باید باشند. ماهیت تقاضا برای خدمات کتابخانه‌ای در جامعه محلی امروز چیست و چه نوع تقاضایی می‌توانیم ایجاد کنیم؟

پیمایش‌هایی برای تعیین نحوه استفاده از کتابخانه‌ها انجام شده است و تا تعیین کند الگوهای استفاده در کتابخانه چقدر با استفاده کاربران در زمینه‌های دیگر متفاوت است. آیا کتاب‌های امانت گرفته شده از کتابخانه‌ها عمدتاً عناوینی متفاوت از کتاب‌های پرفروش کتابفروشی‌ها دارند؟ کتابخانه به عنوان محل ملاقات اجتماعی چطور عمل می‌کند؟ کاربران عمومی کتابخانه‌ها با افرادی که به دیگر رشته‌های فرهنگی و دانش علاقه دارند چه تفاوت‌هایی دارند؟ آیا کسانی که اغلب از کتابخانه‌ها بازدید می‌کنند همان افرادی هستند که از امکانات ورزشی، کافی‌نت‌ها، پارک‌ها و سینما استفاده می‌کنند؟ یا مشخصات این کاربران کاملاً متفاوت است؟

هدف پروژه «رفتار کاربران در کتابخانه‌های شهری نروژ» شناسایی این بود که دقیقاً چه کسانی به کتابخانه‌ها مراجعه می‌کنند، دنبال چه هستند و چگونه از خدمات موجود استفاده می‌کنند. هدف فراتر از آمار و نظرسنجی‌های استاندارد از کاربران و در واقع دستیابی به بینش دقیق‌تری نسبت به ماهیت واقعی استفاده از کتابخانه بود. تنها ۴۶% از بازدیدکنندگان کتاب امانت گرفتند. پس بقیه چه می‌کردند؟ چرا مدت زیادی را در کتابخانه گذراندند؟ مطالعه‌ای درباره کتابخانه به عنوان عرصه یادگیری و به عنوان محل ملاقات که امکان تماس مستقیم با دیگران را فراهم می‌کرد انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که تفاوت در جانمایی داخلی، وضعیت فیزیکی کتابخانه در شهر و تغییر در نوع کتاب‌ها یا مجلات امانت گرفته‌ شده به الگوهای متفاوت استفاده منجر شده است.

  کتاب «Nordic Public Libraries 2.0» صفحه ۸۰

 

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بازاریابی کتابخانه‌های عمومی

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  61. Trump was surrounded at Friday’s event by officials from Customs and Border Protection as well as surviving family members of those who have loved ones killed by undocumented immigrants. Attorney General William Barr was also at the President’s veto event.
    While some lawmakers including some Republicans — have argued against the President’s use of national emergency powers in this instance, the Justice Department set forth a robust defense of the President’s authority to do so in a letter to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell earlier this month, according to a copy obtained by CNN on Friday.
    “The President acted well within his discretion in declaring a national emergency concerning the southern border,” wrote Assistant Attorney General Stephen Boyd, setting out the legal basis for the proclamation under the National Emergencies Act and additional statutory authorities, which largely tracks an internal memo issued by the Office of Legal Counsel at the Justice Department.

  62. Trump was surrounded at Friday’s event by officials from Customs and Border Protection as well as surviving family members of those who have loved ones killed by undocumented immigrants. Attorney General William Barr was also at the President’s veto event.
    While some lawmakers including some Republicans — have argued against the President’s use of national emergency powers in this instance, the Justice Department set forth a robust defense of the President’s authority to do so in a letter to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell earlier this month, according to a copy obtained by CNN on Friday.
    “The President acted well within his discretion in declaring a national emergency concerning the southern border,” wrote Assistant Attorney General Stephen Boyd, setting out the legal basis for the proclamation under the National Emergencies Act and additional statutory authorities, which largely tracks an internal memo issued by the Office of Legal Counsel at the Justice Department.

  63. Trump was surrounded at Friday’s event by officials from Customs and Border Protection as well as surviving family members of those who have loved ones killed by undocumented immigrants. Attorney General William Barr was also at the President’s veto event.
    While some lawmakers including some Republicans — have argued against the President’s use of national emergency powers in this instance, the Justice Department set forth a robust defense of the President’s authority to do so in a letter to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell earlier this month, according to a copy obtained by CNN on Friday.
    “The President acted well within his discretion in declaring a national emergency concerning the southern border,” wrote Assistant Attorney General Stephen Boyd, setting out the legal basis for the proclamation under the National Emergencies Act and additional statutory authorities, which largely tracks an internal memo issued by the Office of Legal Counsel at the Justice Department.

  64. Trump was surrounded at Friday’s event by officials from Customs and Border Protection as well as surviving family members of those who have loved ones killed by undocumented immigrants. Attorney General William Barr was also at the President’s veto event.
    While some lawmakers including some Republicans — have argued against the President’s use of national emergency powers in this instance, the Justice Department set forth a robust defense of the President’s authority to do so in a letter to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell earlier this month, according to a copy obtained by CNN on Friday.
    “The President acted well within his discretion in declaring a national emergency concerning the southern border,” wrote Assistant Attorney General Stephen Boyd, setting out the legal basis for the proclamation under the National Emergencies Act and additional statutory authorities, which largely tracks an internal memo issued by the Office of Legal Counsel at the Justice Department.

  65. Despite residing in Germany for nearly 30 years, there are still some things I cannot wrap my mind around. I may have married a German, pay German taxes, and have German(-American) children, but I guess my US mentality still shines through.

    Like when it comes to personal space. I’ll be standing in the supermarket, in front of a shelf full of products, deliberating over the selection, and inevitably a hand will slip itself in front of my face and grab an item from the row. Many Germans seem to not have any qualms about this at all, but it still takes me aback sometimes.

  66. Despite residing in Germany for nearly 30 years, there are still some things I cannot wrap my mind around. I may have married a German, pay German taxes, and have German(-American) children, but I guess my US mentality still shines through.

    Like when it comes to personal space. I’ll be standing in the supermarket, in front of a shelf full of products, deliberating over the selection, and inevitably a hand will slip itself in front of my face and grab an item from the row. Many Germans seem to not have any qualms about this at all, but it still takes me aback sometimes.

  67. Despite residing in Germany for nearly 30 years, there are still some things I cannot wrap my mind around. I may have married a German, pay German taxes, and have German(-American) children, but I guess my US mentality still shines through.

    Like when it comes to personal space. I’ll be standing in the supermarket, in front of a shelf full of products, deliberating over the selection, and inevitably a hand will slip itself in front of my face and grab an item from the row. Many Germans seem to not have any qualms about this at all, but it still takes me aback sometimes.

  68. Despite residing in Germany for nearly 30 years, there are still some things I cannot wrap my mind around. I may have married a German, pay German taxes, and have German(-American) children, but I guess my US mentality still shines through.

    Like when it comes to personal space. I’ll be standing in the supermarket, in front of a shelf full of products, deliberating over the selection, and inevitably a hand will slip itself in front of my face and grab an item from the row. Many Germans seem to not have any qualms about this at all, but it still takes me aback sometimes.

  69. French President Emmanuel Macron has appointed a panel of experts to investigate France’s actions during the Rwandan genocide 25 years ago on April 7.

    Macron has also met representatives of a group of survivors in. Paris

  70. French President Emmanuel Macron has appointed a panel of experts to investigate France’s actions during the Rwandan genocide 25 years ago on April 7.

    Macron has also met representatives of a group of survivors in. Paris

  71. French President Emmanuel Macron has appointed a panel of experts to investigate France’s actions during the Rwandan genocide 25 years ago on April 7.

    Macron has also met representatives of a group of survivors in. Paris

  72. French President Emmanuel Macron has appointed a panel of experts to investigate France’s actions during the Rwandan genocide 25 years ago on April 7.

    Macron has also met representatives of a group of survivors in. Paris

  73. Rai News: il primo canale all news italiano. Scopri le ultime notizie in tempo reale. News e aggiornamenti su politica, cronaca, esteri, economia, sport e attualita.

  74. Rai News: il primo canale all news italiano. Scopri le ultime notizie in tempo reale. News e aggiornamenti su politica, cronaca, esteri, economia, sport e attualita.

  75. Rai News: il primo canale all news italiano. Scopri le ultime notizie in tempo reale. News e aggiornamenti su politica, cronaca, esteri, economia, sport e attualita.

  76. Rai News: il primo canale all news italiano. Scopri le ultime notizie in tempo reale. News e aggiornamenti su politica, cronaca, esteri, economia, sport e attualita.

  77. Ryska militarfartyg kommer till Filippinerna samtidigt som spanningen okar kring Sydkinesiska sjon. Men framfor allt expanderar nu Kina langt us i Stilla havet. Det vacker oro i USA eftersom Kina anses hota de amerikanska ubatar som ar helt avgorande vid en konflikt.

  78. Ryska militarfartyg kommer till Filippinerna samtidigt som spanningen okar kring Sydkinesiska sjon. Men framfor allt expanderar nu Kina langt us i Stilla havet. Det vacker oro i USA eftersom Kina anses hota de amerikanska ubatar som ar helt avgorande vid en konflikt.

  79. Ryska militarfartyg kommer till Filippinerna samtidigt som spanningen okar kring Sydkinesiska sjon. Men framfor allt expanderar nu Kina langt us i Stilla havet. Det vacker oro i USA eftersom Kina anses hota de amerikanska ubatar som ar helt avgorande vid en konflikt.

  80. Ryska militarfartyg kommer till Filippinerna samtidigt som spanningen okar kring Sydkinesiska sjon. Men framfor allt expanderar nu Kina langt us i Stilla havet. Det vacker oro i USA eftersom Kina anses hota de amerikanska ubatar som ar helt avgorande vid en konflikt.

  81. The Portuguese road Prevention agency (PRP) has this week called for more and improved traffic stops in Portugal. The agency has also deemed current actions by law enforcement officials as ineffective in dealing with the majority of serious traffic offences.

  82. The Portuguese road Prevention agency (PRP) has this week called for more and improved traffic stops in Portugal. The agency has also deemed current actions by law enforcement officials as ineffective in dealing with the majority of serious traffic offences.

  83. The Portuguese road Prevention agency (PRP) has this week called for more and improved traffic stops in Portugal. The agency has also deemed current actions by law enforcement officials as ineffective in dealing with the majority of serious traffic offences.

  84. The Portuguese road Prevention agency (PRP) has this week called for more and improved traffic stops in Portugal. The agency has also deemed current actions by law enforcement officials as ineffective in dealing with the majority of serious traffic offences.

  85. The series of conversations with the Warsaw Ghetto survivors was conducted to commemorate the 76 th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that falls on the 19th of April.

  86. The series of conversations with the Warsaw Ghetto survivors was conducted to commemorate the 76 th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that falls on the 19th of April.

  87. The series of conversations with the Warsaw Ghetto survivors was conducted to commemorate the 76 th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that falls on the 19th of April.

  88. The series of conversations with the Warsaw Ghetto survivors was conducted to commemorate the 76 th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that falls on the 19th of April.

  89. text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending electronic messages, typically consisting of alphabetic and numeric characters, between two or more users of mobile devices, desktops/laptops, or other type of compatible computer.

  90. text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending electronic messages, typically consisting of alphabetic and numeric characters, between two or more users of mobile devices, desktops/laptops, or other type of compatible computer.

  91. text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending electronic messages, typically consisting of alphabetic and numeric characters, between two or more users of mobile devices, desktops/laptops, or other type of compatible computer.

  92. text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending electronic messages, typically consisting of alphabetic and numeric characters, between two or more users of mobile devices, desktops/laptops, or other type of compatible computer.

  93. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  94. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  95. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  96. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  97. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  98. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  99. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  100. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  101. I used to be able to find good information from your blog posts. Government jobs vacancies – http://preview.tinyurl.com/y43lo2j8

  102. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  103. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  104. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  105. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  106. El hooligan del Liverpool que avergonzo Barcelona la vuelve a liar con un ‘Steward
    El mismo personaje que se dedico a empujar gente a la fuente de Barcelona la ha vuelto a liar esta vez bajandole los pantalones a un steward.

  107. El hooligan del Liverpool que avergonzo Barcelona la vuelve a liar con un ‘Steward
    El mismo personaje que se dedico a empujar gente a la fuente de Barcelona la ha vuelto a liar esta vez bajandole los pantalones a un steward.

  108. El hooligan del Liverpool que avergonzo Barcelona la vuelve a liar con un ‘Steward
    El mismo personaje que se dedico a empujar gente a la fuente de Barcelona la ha vuelto a liar esta vez bajandole los pantalones a un steward.

  109. El hooligan del Liverpool que avergonzo Barcelona la vuelve a liar con un ‘Steward
    El mismo personaje que se dedico a empujar gente a la fuente de Barcelona la ha vuelto a liar esta vez bajandole los pantalones a un steward.

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